Michio Kaku: The Metaphysics of Teleportation - YouTube
Theoretical physicist believes we could be beaming to other planets 'within decades'
- The claims were made by Michio Kaku from City University, New York
- Quantum teleportation is already possible and has been demonstrated
- Dr Kaku believes the first molecules will teleport within the next decade
- We could then teleport to the moon or even Mars by the end of the century
Star Trek is already said to have inspired a whole host of modern gadgets from the iPad to the holodeck's 'virtual reality'.
Now a theoretical physicist believes even its teleporter is scientifically possible - and it could become a reality as soon as the end of the century.
Professor Michio Kaku said that the breakthroughs needed to transport humans instantly have already been made, and it's only a matter of time before we will be 'beaming' across the universe.
The claims were made by Michio Kaku (pictured) from City University, New York. Quantum teleportation is already possible, and has been demonstrated, and Dr Kaku believes the first molecules will teleport within the next decade. He believes we could then teleport to the moon or even Mars by the end of the century
The physicist is a professor at City University in New York.
'You know the expression "Beam me up Scotty"? We used to laugh at it,' Dr Kaku said. 'We used to laugh when someone talked about teleportation, but we don't laugh anymore.
'Quantum teleportation already exists [and] I think within a decade we will teleport the first molecule.'
He continued that, as humans we already do this at an atomic level, reports The Express.
The phenomenon is called quantum entanglement and it allows connections to be made between atoms, with their information being sent to others further away.
WHO IS DR MICHIO KAKU?
Dr Kaku was born in California on 24 January 1947.
He led a distinguished academic career, attending Harvard University and the University of California, Berkely – where he received his PhD in 1972.
His studies focused on theoretical physics, and he is continuing to search for a so-called 'Theory of Everything' that unites the four fundamental forces of nature – the strong force, the weak force, gravity and electromagnetism.
Today he popularises physics to the public and has appeared on numerous TV and radio programmes.
He has also written various popular science books including Physics of the Future and Beyond Einstein: The Cosmic Quest for the Theory of the Universe.
His latest book, The Future of the Mind: The Scientific Quest to Understand, Enhance, and Empower the Mind, was number one on the New York Times Bestseller list.
In particular, the entangled particles are connected in such a way that the action of one directly affects the others, even if they're separated over large distances.
Albert Einstein called this 'spooky action at a distance.'
Previous studies have shown atoms teleporting across a room, and light being teleported across the Danube River in Austria.
In 2014, physicists at the University of Geneva teleported the quantum state of a photon to a crystal over 15 miles (25km) of optical fibre.
The experiment beat the previous record of 4 miles (6km) achieved 10 years ago by the same team.
Once scientists have successfully teleported molecules, Dr Kaku believes the next step will be to send photons to a lunar base before experimenting with larger objects, animals and eventually humans.
During a recent Big Think interview, Dr Kaku said; 'In the coming years we do expect to be able to teleport molecules, maybe water and carbon dioxide. After that, who knows? Maybe even DNA.'
However, critics have argued there are too many atoms in the human body to translate into physical data, then teleport and then rearrange in order.
There is also the argument that in order to transport a living object, it would have to effectively die and come back to life when the atoms are broken down and reassembled.
Dr Kaku added that while teleportation is physically possible, it does come with a set of ethical dilemmas that would need to be addressed.
Human teleportation was a feature seen in Star Trek (pictured). Critics have argued there are too many atoms in the human body to translate into physical data, teleport and then re-arrange in order. There is also the argument that in order to transport a living object, it would have to effectively die and come back to life
Earlier this year Dr Kaku said our holidays could soon be uploaded into our minds. Instead of travelling around the world, people will download memories to their brains to make them feel as if they have been away. He told MailOnline this is just one of the many realities we could face as we learn to manipulate the human mind
'It raises the question, are we nothing but information?' he said. 'Is the soul, the essence of who we are, nothing but information?
'We don't know the answer. All we're saying is that it is physically possible to teleport an entire human being across the room or maybe on to Mars.'
Earlier this year, Dr Kaku raised eyebrows when he said our holidays could soon be uploaded into our minds.
Instead of travelling around the world, people will download memories to their brains to make them feel as if they have been away.
He told MailOnline this is just one of the many realities we could face as we learn to manipulate the human mind, as explained in his book The Future of the Mind.
He continued that we have learnt more about the brain in the past 15 years than we have in the rest of human history.
And crucially, our knowledge of the map of neural connections in the brain, known as the connectome, is rapidly improving.
Dr Kaku's theories on the future of the mind are wide-ranging, from the possibilities of telepathy to controlling 'programmable matter' with our thoughts alone (artist's impression of neuron, pictured)
This is thanks to machines such as MRI scanners that can see which parts of the brain light up as a person performs different activities.
'In the short term, we're going to be able to connect our minds to computers, so that we'll be able to control exoskeletons,' he said.
'We'll be able to perform primitive forms of telepathy, we'll eventually record memories, and then Alzheimer's patients will be able to push a button and memories will flood in.
'Beyond that, the Internet will be replaced by the 'Brain-net', where you can convey emotions and memories rather than just text.'
Further into the future, probably the 22nd century, we could control surrogate robots on alien worlds with our minds, so we can explore space without physically having to go anywhere, according to Dr Kaku.
'Maybe aliens have already done this, and we're walking into the middle of an interstellar system where people commute regularly to planets and stars, and we're too stupid to know it,' he said.