A 093A nuclear submarine in Google Map photo
Some information about China’s nuclear submarines based on a report in a pro-Beijing Hong Kong magazine.
The magazine says that third generation of nuclear submarines had long been in service and gives the submarines the codenames of Types 095 and 096.
Those codenames are certainly not official as so far there has not been any official news about them.
This blogger published at his websites quite a few posts on China’s nuclear submarines later including a piece of news on China’s success in developing its fourth-generation nuclear submarine based on the speech of a Chinese provincial-level official.
However, there has never been official revelation of the codenames of China’s advanced nuclear submarines.
Recently, Taiwan’s Defense International magazine published a satellite photo of two China’s newest nuclear submarines taken by Google map. The photo shows that by December 2014, Hulu Island Shipyard has completed the construction of 2 Type 093G2 nuclear submarines. Yesterday, the website of Taiwan’s Defense Ministry confirms Defense International’s report in its website.
The website says that the three new submarines are the second modified version of Type 093 installed with a new generation of nuclear reactors that lag only a little behind the best of US counterparts. It gives the submarine the codename 093G2 as there has been a preceding modified version that it refers to as 093G1 with low noise that the US cannot trace. The two are perhaps the Type 095 mentioned in the above-mentioned post of mine that the US has failed to detect. Type 093G2 will be even harder to detect and trace. According to Western standards, 093G2 can be regarded as a three and half generation nuclear submarine. The new reactor will be more powerful to enhance the submarine’s maneuverability.
The great new development in 093G2 is its vertical launch system (VLS). From the photo of Google map, only 3 units of VSL can be seen behind the sail hull of the submarine.
There may be 12 to 24 VLS tubes for launching YJ-18 anti-ship missiles and anti-ground cruise missiles. Coordinated with other cruise missiles from aircrafts and warships, the YJ-18s can be launched simultaneously for saturate attack at an aircraft carrier.
The installation of VLS makes the submarine a multifunctional one with anti-submarine, anti-ship and ground attack capabilities.
Source: Website of Taiwanese Defense Ministry “Taiwanese Defense Ministry confirms media report on PLA’s new type of nuclear submarines” (summary by Chan Kai Yee).