|S-400 (NATO code-name SA-21 Growler) is a long range surface-to-air missile systems, |
capable of launching up to 72 missiles and engaging up to 36 targets simultaneously. It is a long-to-medium-range surface-to-air missile system, designed to intercept a range of ground-based and airborne targets, such as stealth aircraft, strategic carriers and cruise and ballistic missiles at a distance of 400km.
|According media, China becomes first foreign buyer of Russian S-400 air defense system.|
Russia and China have signed a contract for the supply of Beijing six battalions of antiaircraft missile systems S-400. Under the agreement, China will pay for each division of about $ 500 million.
The contract provides training services for combat vehicles crews, supply of spare parts and additional missiles. Note that there is no official confirmation of the signing of the contract.
According to the US site, a part of each division consists of eight launchers with two missiles each, command car, radar and per charging installation 16 missiles each. According to the Chinese portal , several battalions of S-400 will be posted on the coast from Taiwan, and the rest – from Japan, Vietnam and South Korea
The S-400 Triumph SA-21 is a long range surface-to-air missile systems produced by Almaz-Antey.
The S-400 Trumph is intended to engage, ECM, radar-picket, director area, reconnaissance, strategic and tactical aircraft, tactical and theatre ballistic missiles, medium-range ballistic missiles and other current and future air attack assets at a maximum range of 400 km, and a altitude of up to 30 km.
The S-400 Triumph can also intended Tomahawk cruise missiles and other types of missiles, including precision-guided ones, as well as AWACS aircraft, at ranges of up to 400 km.
It can also detect stealth aircraft and other targets at all altitudes of their combat employment and at maximum ranges.
This air defense missile system can simultaneously engage 36 targets. Work of the development of the S-400 Triumph air defense missile system is a visible embodiment of cooperation among weapons developers.
Besides the Almaz Central Design Bureau, these include leading enterprises of the Russian Defence industry, such as the Fakel Machine-Building Design Bureau, the Novosibirsk Research Institute of Measuring Instruments, the St- Petersburg Special Machine-Building Design Bureau, and a number of others.
A regular S-400 battalion reportedly consists of at least eight launchers with 32 missiles and a mobile command post.
The principal distinctions between the S-400 and its predecessor lie in further refinements to the radar and software, and the addition of four new missile types in addition to the legacy 48N6E/48N6E2 used in the S-300PMU2 Favorit.
The S-400 entered service with the Russian Armed Forces on April 28, 2007, replacing the S-300 air defense system.
As of September 2008, Russia has two systems already in active duty. The Russian Army plans call for the fielding of 18 battalions by 2020 as the backbone of its surface-to-air missile capabilities.
Belarus is set to become the first export customer. In April 2009 during IDEF exhibition in Istanbul Rosoboronexport released that the Turkish government had expressed strong interest in the buy of S-400 air defense systems.