Five years after Japan’s Fukushima prefecture was devastated by a massive earthquake and 10ft-high tsunami, workers are continuing to clean the wasteland in the hope that the area’s 120,000 evacuated residents will one day return home.
But a look into the ghost towns which are still too dangerous for clearing and restoring, shows schools, supermarkets, and streets left destitute by the nuclear plant that forced the evacuation of more than 160,000 locals, of whom some 120,000 are still living in temporary accommodation.
A small number of residents defied the evacuation orders and refused to leave the area, despite the health risks.
This series of maps demonstrates the initial emergency response and the subsequent spread of evacuation orders as the extent of the disaster became clearer:
The photographer, who had visited the Chernobyl disaster area for the first time in 2008, said that "it is not earthquakes or tsunami that are to blame for the disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station, but humans".